Soccer Terminology for Beginners: A Complete Guide to World Cup Definitions, from Clean Sheets to Injury Time

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The 2022 World Cup is taking place in Qatar, but you don’t have to be an expert at soccer – or soccer, as most of the world calls it – to enjoy the most watched sporting competition on the planet.

This edition of the quadruple event is significant for a number of reasons: Between the US men’s team’s return to the tournament after an eight-year absence and the Canadian men’s team taking first place in the group stage since 1986, it should be a lively competition. with the plot.

World Cup 2022: Full Match Schedule | Sporting News predictions

With that said, Sporting News offers a Beginner’s Guide to the World Cup, which includes a collection of terms you might hear during the broadcast, as well as their definitions.

What is the pitch in soccer?

Pitch is, quite simply, another world for the field, which our neighbors from across the pond tend to use quite often. If you hear a British commentator about calling any of the World Cup matches, don’t be surprised if he uses the term.

What is a cap in football?

Players receive caps when they appear for their country. So, if a player has 100 caps, this means that he has played for his country’s first team 100 times.

The term originates from England, where players used to receive actual matches when they took part in the national team. This isn’t the case anymore, but the name stuck.

What is a prop in football?

What is football without goals? When players put up a double, it means they scored two goals in the same match. In Old English, the term “bow” referred to hunting. If people were hunting a pair of deer, they would say they were looking for a deer brace. Brace is also another word for “husband” in Anglo-French.

When players score three goals in one match, it is called a hat-trick. But you probably already knew that, especially if you’re familiar with athletes like Alexander Ovechkin, Conor McDavid, and Austin Matthews.

What is a clean sheet in soccer?

In soccer, a clean sheet refers to a shot, which means that the goalkeeper has not allowed a goal in the match. The origin of the term makes sense, when you think about it. Ostensibly, if a goalkeeper fails to concede a goal, nobody has to write anything on the score sheet. Hence the term “clean paper”.

More: Ranking of the best 2022 World Cup shirts

What is the fixed piece in football?

When a team has a set piece, it simply means that the ball is placed somewhere motionless. The offensive team is then allowed to boot the ball without it being touched by anyone on the defending team (at least within the first 10 yards the ball moves).

Free kicks are divided into two types: free kicks and corner kicks. Corner kicks occur when the defending team places the ball behind the end line, while a free kick is awarded when someone is fouled outside the penalty area.

What is a free kick in soccer?

A player is awarded a free kick when he judges that a foul has been committed against him but the opposing team. If the foul occurred outside the attacking team’s penalty area, they are awarded a free kick, meaning the opposing team must allow them to kick the ball into the field.

If a free kick is awarded slightly outside the penalty area, the attacking teams can attempt to score from it. However, the opposing team is allowed to place a wall of players 10 yards from where the attacking team is preparing to take the free kick.

more: Who is the best soccer player in the world?

What does the penalty area mean in soccer?

The penalty area (also simply referred to as “the area”) is an 18-yard square defined by a large rectangle outside each goal. If a defender commits a foul in the penalty area, a penalty kick is awarded.

This means that a player of the attacking team places the ball 12 yards from the middle of the goal and takes a one-on-one shot against the goalkeeper.

Referee - VAR - Video review

What is the video assistant referee in football?

Video assistant referee, also known as video assistant refereeing, is a footballer’s response to a replay review. Big decisions in the game (whether the referee should issue a yellow or red card, penalty claims, whether a player committed an offense before a goal was scored, etc.) can be reviewed by the officiating referee. That referee can then suggest an alternative decision, or tell the referee on the field to look at the screen on the sidelines to make a decision themselves.

The process can be lengthy and tedious at times, but when done properly, it tends to mitigate the number of refereeing errors that occur in the game (or across the tournament, in this case).

What is goal line technology in soccer?

A fairly recent innovation in the game, all things considered, goal-line technology is football’s version of touchdown review. Every goal is reviewed almost instantly by goal-line technology to make sure the ball crosses the line.

If the ball crosses the line, the referee’s clock will go off, indicating a goal. If not, play will continue.

It has been shown to be almost 100 per cent effective (sorry Sheffield United), and is a much better alternative to the good old days where good goals were disallowed because the referee caught a glimpse of the ball crossing the line (like England v Germany in the 2010 World Cup).

More: Who has the most goals ever in a World Cup?

What is full time in soccer?

After the match is over, the referee blows the full-time match whistle. The football game clock runs until the 90th minute, although referees usually add more time due to various stops in the game (also known as stop time).

What is stoppage time in football?

At the end of each half, the fourth official takes a few extra minutes to make up for time lost due to stoppages in play (injuries, free kicks, penalty kicks, VAR checks, etc.). Then that time is referred to as the cut-off time.

So, when you see an official on the sidelines holding up a plate with a red number (usually anywhere from 1-5), that represents the number of extra minutes that will be played before the whistle blows to end the half/game.

What is extra time in soccer?

Once a tournament reaches the knockout stage (the quarter-final period when the losing teams are eliminated), the games will be zero-sum. This means that the game cannot end in a draw. Alternatively, if the game is tied after 90 minutes, it will take a 30-minute period, also known as overtime.

The overtime period is similar to overtime in basketball. If one team gets the lead after 30 minutes of extra time (which is divided into two halves of 15 minutes each), they are declared the winner.

Conversely, if the game remains tied after 30 minutes of extra time, it goes into a sudden penalty shootout.

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Christian Pulisic

What is the captain in football?

In contrast to the common usage in baseball, where it means manager, captain in football is another word for team captain. The captain wears a thin armband often marked with a “C” or the word “Captain” (comparable to the “C” that the captain of a hockey team shakes on the front of their jersey).

They lead the team on the field before matches, often have the responsibility of talking to the referee when there is a problem, keeping the team motivated and being the first to lift the trophy if the team wins one.

What is a soccer player?

Ghafer is a general term referring to a football team’s manager (head coach). The captain draws the formations and formations in which his team plays and tends to monitor everything from the training area on the sideline.

What is the false number nine in football?

When a team employs a false nine, it means that their attacker is tasked with being a creative fulcrum, rather than actually finishing chances. False nines tend to be shorter and faster in nature, with good passing range and vision. They’ll sit in pockets of space and play quick passes to oncoming midfielders or wingers, hoping to push them behind the defence.

Some of the best fake brands in the world are Roberto Firmino (Brazil) and Thomas Müller (Germany). Lionel Messi (Argentina) is often shown as a false number nine for club and country.

more: How many teams will play in the 2022 and 2026 World Cups?

What is 4-3-3 in soccer?

The 4-3-3 formation is a formation consisting of four defenders, three midfielders, two wingers and a central striker. The formation can be changed to be more offensive (say pushing one of the midfielders into the attacker), or more defensive (dropping a midfielder deeper to provide more protection for the defence).

Its versatility, along with its shape and compactness, makes it perhaps the most popular tactical setup to be used in soccer.

What is 4-4-2 in soccer?

4-4-2 refers to a formation with four defenders, four midfielders and two forwards. The formation was most popular in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, when teams relied more on sending long balls to their attackers in an effort to get up the field.

However, as the game – and its players – evolved, the system became less popular. However, if a team is losing late on, coaches will often revert to a 4-4-2 formation in an effort to get more offensive talent onto the field.

What is 4-2-3-1 in soccer?

A 4-2-3-1 formation is indicated when a team plays four defenders, two midfielders (defensive), two wingers plus a No. 10 (more creative/striking lineman) and a central striker.

This formation has proven to be very popular in recent years, as it provides a defensive structure (via two defensive midfielders) and attacking versatility. The deepest midfielder offers protection to the fullbacks (defensive players who play on the right and left sides of the field) to aid in attack, which can be particularly useful for goal-setting.

What is 3-4-3 in soccer?

The 3-4-3 formation consists of three central defenders, two wingers, two midfielders and a three-man attack.

This tactic is used to give defenders more license to get out onto the field and contribute to the attack. Defenders are more likely to display offense in this formation, allowing attackers to focus on getting into dangerous scoring positions.

England have been known to use this formation to good success in recent years.

What is handball in soccer?

Unsurprisingly, players on the field (everyone except goalkeepers) are not allowed to use their hands on the field of play. Handballs are given when a player touches his hand or arm, which changes the direction of movement of the ball.

Here’s a (notable) example from the 2010 World Cup:

Now, it can be a bit complicated ruling. Sometimes players are adjudged not to have committed a handball despite having touched the ball with their hand or arm, because they were too close to the ball to make an adjustment.

However, for purposes of simplicity, handball refers to the player (according to the IBF):

  • Touching the ball with his hand/arm when it made his body abnormally large. A player is deemed to have made his or her body unnaturally larger when the position of his/her hand/arm is not a consequence of the player’s body movement or can be justified by that particular situation. By placing his hand/arm in such a position, the player runs the risk of hitting his hand/arm with the ball and being penalized; or
  • Results in the opponent’s goal: – directly from his hand / arm, even if crossed, including by the goalkeeper; or – immediately after the ball has touched his/her hand/arm, even if it is accidental.

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